an arizona resident More recently the mosquito-borne disease known as dengue, and dengue virus has been detected in mosquitoes in the area. Dengue, usually associated with tropical countries, may have broken out in Arizona for the first time.
This isn’t the first time dengue has shown up in the United States, but we don’t usually get local transmission of the disease in the 48 contiguous states. Florida is lying At least three local cases of dengue this yearAnd there have been several local outbreaks in recent years, with the largest being 66 cases in 2010. (Prior to 2009, there had been no cases since 1934, Outbreak News Today reports.) Dengue is common in several US territories, including Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the US Virgin Islands.
So just how big a deal is dengue, and what should you know about it? Let’s look at the facts.
how bad is the denGyu?
About 75% of people infected with dengue will not have noticeable symptoms. statistical25% will get sick, 5% will get severe dengue, and 0.01% will die from it.
It is worth noting that you are more likely to get severe dengue if you have had dengue before. There are four types of dengue virus, so in theory you can get it four times in your life. But if you’ve had one type of dengue, and then get another, that second infection carries a higher risk of progressing to severe dengue than the first.
Common dengue infection symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, rash, or muscle or joint pain. There may be a feeling of pain behind the eyes. the disease usually lasts between two and seven Day. During this time, the CDC says, you should rest and you can take acetaminophen (Tylenol), but not aspirin or ibuprofen.
severe dengue symptoms Symptoms may include abdominal pain or tenderness, bleeding from the nose or gums, blood in the vomit or stools, vomiting more than three times in 24 hours, or feeling unusually tired or irritable. If you have these signs, seek medical care right away.
How does dengue spread?
Dengue is caused by a virus, and this virus is spread by mosquitoes. However, not all mosquitoes can transmit it. it requires Aedes Egyptian either aedes albopictus mosquitoes. These mosquitoes bite during the day as well as at night and may breed in small containers of standing water. both species are more common in southern america compared to the northern regions.
(small brown mosquitoes that live in more northern regions and bite more often at night Culex Mosquitoes, which do not spread dengue. they can transmit west nile virusAlthough.)
For a mosquito to give you dengue, it has to bite someone with dengue, and then later bite you. If this occurs in a given area, it is considered local transmission of dengue. People can be exposed to dengue while traveling and then bring it home, which is common in the continental U.S. responsible for the majority of dengue cases in
how to avoid getting dengue
The main way to protect yourself from dengue is by protecting yourself from mosquito bites, and you can also help protect your community by making sure mosquitoes don’t have places to breed.
Mosquitoes lay their eggs in stagnant water. This can include items such as garbage cans and tires that fill with rainwater, water sources such as dog bowls and bird baths, and puddles that form on the ground or in tarpaulins. Remove these items regularly if you can’t prevent them from filling up. (For example, if your dog has an outdoor water bowl, be sure to empty it twice a week.)
To protect yourself from being cut, the CDC recommended Using an effective insect repellent (such as one containing DEET), wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants where possible, and using window screens to keep mosquitoes out of the house.
there is one Vaccination Against Dengue which is currently approved for children aged 9 to 16 who live in areas where dengue is common. It is not approved for those who are traveling only to those places.